Capital City: Hargeisa
Location: It is located on the eastern horn of Africa and lies between the north of the equator between 08 ° 00′ and 11 ° 30′ parallel and between 42 ° 30′ and 49 ° 00′ meridian east of Greenwich. It shares boundaries to the west with the Republic of Djibouti, to the south with the Federal Republic of Ethiopia and to the east with Somalia. To the north of the world, Somaliland has a coastline that stretches along the Red Sea for 460 miles.
Landscape: Somalia is, physiographically, a land with minimal contrast. A coastal plain parallels the coast of the Gulf of Aden in the north, ranging in width from approximately twelve kilometers in the west to only two kilometers in the east.
Languages: Somali, Arabic, and English
Currency: Somaliland shilling(SISh)
Country Calling Code: +252
When to Travel
Travel might be tough in the rainy months. Along the coast, July and August are extremely hot.
Oct & Nov
This is a good season for travelling as the temperatures are comfortable.
It is the best time to travel in Somaliland. There are very few rains, and temperatures are cool.
A valid passport is required for all visitors to Somaliland, the expiry date of which should be at least six months after you expect to end your travels. All tourists must also arrange a Somaliland visa (emphatically not the same thing as a Somali visa). One can get an arrival Visa (VOA) at the airport or at the border. For visitors from Europe, Canada, USA, Brazil, China, Russia, Turkey, Egypt, South Africa, Morocco, Tunisia, Members of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) such as Saudi, UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, Kuwait, and IGAD Region Countries, getting visa on arrival is the easiest way by just filling out a form at the airport, and paying $60 USD per person visa fee + arrival tax. At the Somaliland Liaison Office in your country if available, you can also arrange your visa in advance. Somaliland has offices in the United Kingdom, Djibouti, and Ethiopia.
Getting there and away
A handful of big international airlines now fly to the International Airport of Hargeisa Egal (HGA). The best choices for connecting flights coming from Europe or North America are FlyDubai and Air Arabia, while Ethiopian Airlines is a useful choice from elsewhere in Africa. Other smaller regional airlines offering direct flights to Hargeisa and/or Berbera (BBO)