Capital City: Asmera
Eritrea is located in East Africa. This nation is bordered to the northeast and east by the Red Sea, Sudan to the west, Ethiopia to the south, and Djibouti to the southeast. Eritrea lies between latitudes 12° and 18°N, and longitudes 36° and 44°E.
Area: 117,600 km²
Landscape: There are north-south trending highlands bordering Ethiopia, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to rolling plains. Eritrea is popular for its natural attractions with six topographical features. The highlands in the center and south of Eritrea, the western lowlands, the Sahel in the north, the subtropical eastern escarpments, the northern coast and archipelago and the southern coast.
Languages: Tigrinya (official), Arabic, Tigre, Kunama, Bilen, Nara, Saho, Afar, Beja.
Currency: Eritrean Nakfa (ERN)
Time: UTC +3h
Country Calling Code: +291
The climate in Eritrea is hot, dry desert strip along the Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 610mm of rainfall annually); semiarid in western hills and lowlands; rainfall heaviest during June-September except in the coastal desert. In Eritrea, the temperature differs depending on the area of the country. Massawa, for example, is a tropical beach area with a very humid and hot atmosphere.On the other hand, Asmara and nearby towns have highs around 32 °C and lows of 21°C.
When to Travel
The best time depends on where you go. One can travel to Eritrea at almost any time of the year. The high season is October through March. Whereas April and September are the shoulder seasons in the country. May through August, the hottest season, is the low season with less crowds.
Get in Visa
Most nationalities must apply for a visa in advance. Some Eritrean Embassies provide online assistance one can print the application form. Visa application shall be made at an Eritrean diplomatic mission. If there is no Eritrean Embassy or other mission in your country, you shall contact your foreign office or ministry to verify the nearest accredited Eritrean mission. To arrange a visa at an Eritrean Embassy, you will likely need a letter of invitation from an Eritrean tour operator.